Bristol-Myers Squibb Announces Regulatory Updates for Opdivo (nivolumab) in Previously Treated Recurrent or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
U.S. Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency accept marketing applications for Opdivo (nivolumab) in this patient population
Regulatory submissions based on CheckMate -141, in which Opdivo (nivolumab) met its primary endpoint of overall survival, compared to investigator’s choice of therapy
(Braine-l’Alleud, 22nd August 2016) - Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced U.S. and European marketing applications to expand the use of Opdivo (nivolumab) for patients with previously treated recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) were accepted for filing by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and validated by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). In the U.S., the FDA accepted the Company’s supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for Opdivo (nivolumab) in SCCHN with priority review, and previously granted the agent Breakthrough Therapy Designation in April 2016. The projected FDA action date is November 11, 2016. In Europe, the EMA validated a type II variation application for the same patient population. Validation of the application confirms the submission is complete and begins the EMA’s centralized review process.
Jean Viallet, M.D., Global Clinical Research Lead, Oncology, Bristol-Myers Squibb, commented, “Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck that progresses after platinum therapy is a devastating disease with a poor prognosis and has had very few treatment advancements in nearly a decade. Based on findings from CheckMate -141, Opdivo (nivolumab) is the first and only PD-1 inhibitor to show an overall survival benefit in a Phase 3 trial in these patients. These milestones are important steps in the regulatory processes, and we look forward to working with authorities in the U.S. and Europe to offer Opdivo (nivolumab) to this patient population.”
Both U.S. and European submissions were based on CheckMate -141, a pivotal Phase 3 open-label, randomized trial, that evaluated the overall survival (OS) of Opdivo (nivolumab) in patients with SCCHN after platinum therapy compared to investigator’s choice of therapy (methotrexate, docetaxel, or cetuximab). Based on a planned interim analysis, this trial was stopped early in January 2016 because an assessment conducted by the independent Data Monitoring Committee concluded the study met its primary endpoint of OS in patients receiving Opdivo (nivolumab) compared to investigator’s choice of therapy. Overall survival results from CheckMate -141 were first presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.
About Head & Neck Cancer
Cancers that are known as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck, such as inside the mouth, the nose and the throat. Head and neck cancer is the seventh most common cancer globally, with an estimated 400,000 to 600,000 new cases per year and 223,000 to 300,000 deaths per year. The five-year survival rate is reported as less than 4% for metastatic Stage IV disease. Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) accounts for approximately 90% of all head and neck cancers with global incidence expected to increase by 17% between 2012 and 2022. Risk factors for SCCHN include tobacco and alcohol consumption. The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection is also a risk factor leading to rapid increase in oropharyngeal SCCHN in Europe and North America. Quality of life is often impacted for SCCHN patients, as physiological function (breathing, swallowing, eating, drinking), personal characteristics (appearance, speaking, voice), sensory function (taste, smell, hearing), and psychological/social function can be affected.
Bristol-Myers Squibb & Immuno-Oncology: Advancing Oncology Research
At Bristol-Myers Squibb, we have a vision for the future of cancer care that is focused on Immuno-Oncology, now considered a major treatment choice alongside surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and targeted therapies for certain types of cancer.
We have a comprehensive clinical portfolio of investigational and approved Immuno-Oncology agents, many of which were discovered and developed by our scientists. Our ongoing Immuno-Oncology clinical program is looking at broad patient populations, across multiple solid tumors and hematologic malignancies, and lines of therapy and histologies, with the intent of powering our trials for overall survival and other important measures like durability of response. We pioneered the research leading to the first regulatory approval for the combination of two Immuno-Oncology agents, and continue to study the role of combinations in cancer.
We are also investigating other immune system pathways in the treatment of cancer including CTLA-4, CD-137, KIR, SLAMF7, PD-1, GITR, CSF1R, IDO, and LAG-3. These pathways may lead to potential new treatment options – in combination or monotherapy – to help patients fight different types of cancers.
Our collaboration with academia, as well as small and large biotech companies, to research the potential Immuno-Oncology and non-Immuno-Oncology combinations, helps achieve our goal of providing new treatment options in clinical practice.
At Bristol-Myers Squibb, we are committed to changing survival expectations in hard-to-treat cancers and the way patients live with cancer.
About Opdivo (nivolumab)
Cancer cells may exploit “regulatory” pathways, such as checkpoint pathways, to hide from the immune system and shield the tumor from immune attack. Opdivo (nivolumab) is a PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor that binds to the checkpoint receptor PD-1 expressed on activated T-cells, and blocks the binding of PD-L1 and PD-L2, preventing the PD-1 pathway’s suppressive signaling on the immune system, including the interference with an anti-tumor immune response.
Opdivo (nivolumab)’s broad global development program is based on Bristol-Myers Squibb’s understanding of the biology behind Immuno-Oncology. Our company is at the forefront of researching the potential of Immuno-Oncology to extend survival in hard-to-treat cancers. This scientific expertise serves as the basis for the Opdivo (nivolumab) development program, which includes a broad range of Phase 3 clinical trials evaluating overall survival as the primary endpoint across a variety of tumor types. The Opdivo (nivolumab) trials have also contributed toward the clinical and scientific understanding of the role of biomarkers and how patients may benefit from Opdivo (nivolumab) across the continuum of PD-L1 expression. To date, the Opdivo (nivolumab) clinical development program has enrolled more than 18,000 patients.
Opdivo (nivolumab) was the first PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor to receive regulatory approval anywhere in the world in July 2014, and currently has regulatory approval in 53 countries including the United States, Japan, and in the European Union.
About the Bristol-Myers Squibb and Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Collaboration
In 2011, through a collaboration agreement with Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd (Ono) Bristol-Myers Squibb expanded its territorial rights to develop and commercialize Opdivo (nivolumab) globally except in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, where Ono had retained all rights to the compound at the time. On July 23, 2014, Bristol-Myers Squibb and Ono further expanded the companies’ strategic collaboration agreement to jointly develop and commercialize multiple immunotherapies – as single agents and combination regimens – for patients with cancer in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information about Bristol-Myers Squibb, visit us at BMS.com or follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube and Facebook.
Bristol-Myers Squibb Forward-Looking Statement
This press release contains "forward-looking statements" as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 regarding the research, development and commercialization of pharmaceutical products. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and involve inherent risks and uncertainties, including factors that could delay, divert or change any of them, and could cause actual outcomes and results to differ materially from current expectations. No forward-looking statement can be guaranteed. Among other risks, there can be no guarantee that Opdivo (nivolumab) will receive regulatory approval for an additional indication in SCCHN. Forward-looking statements in this press release should be evaluated together with the many uncertainties that affect Bristol-Myers Squibb's business, particularly those identified in the cautionary factors discussion in Bristol-Myers Squibb's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our Current Reports on Form 8-K. Bristol-Myers Squibb undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
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